Afghanistan has subjected to number regional subsystems in terms of regional region that Afghanistan is belonged to central Asia. However, the intensification of competition between India and Pakistan has caused Afghanistan in south Asian regional equations. On the other hand, Afghanistan provided the context on the India’s access to Central Asia. However, India will be able to expand its strategic depth to central Asia to release from the siege from China and Pakistan. India is from affecting countries in the south Asian region, it has contracted the south Asian region in its regional strategy priorities. The macrosocial doctrine of India’s foreign policy has divided countries into three loops. Afghanistan, which is the nearby neighborhood of that country and includes the first ring. India in this ring is trying to get the hegemony position to prevent the role of the actors (shafiee et al, 2012: 128). According to Bari Buzzan’s thoughts, Afghanistan is an example of insulting countries. Believe him, the main role of insulation is a few subsystems. However, in the case of insulting countries, they are not able to play such a role (Buazzan, 2003: 483-485). Afghanistan, which has been persisted for decades, has seen political instability and failed to play and insulating country, but after the September event, Afghanistan was out of insulation and Buzzan’s theory was accommodate for Afghanistan before 11 September. India, with its role in afghan political equations. This Indian function will strengthen the south Asian regional security system, and, on other hand, provides the ground for India’s access to central Asian countries and the Middle East (Wosoqi et al, 2014:159). India’s contribution to the fight against fundamentalism and terrorist groups in a clear way to represents its strategic depth in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has placed as a ground bridge between India and central Asia. India, with the understanding of this sensitivity and Importance of the geostrategic Afghanistan in the region, has more desire for exploitation from Afghanistan. India’s relations with central Asia were sum up in the cultural and ideological domain in the cultural and ideological domain. But after the collapse of the soviet union, in addition to cultural issues, the importance of Central Asia from preventing smuggling of weapons, the fight against fundamentalism and the economic benefits and supply of energy sources in India’s policy( Roy,2001:227).
On the other hand, the intensity of border and geopolitical conflicts between India and Pakistan and the drawing of competition to Afghanistan has led to the importance of Afghanistan in India’s foreign policy. Pakistan supports political groups currents in Afghanistan in order to prevent its siege from being block by India. However, India has also supported any anti- Pakistan in Afghanistan. Significant examples of this support have seen during the international united war against terrorism and during civil war and llasses. India did not play a role in Afghanistan during the Taliban rule; but with the approached of the new order in Afghanistan, it also brought the hopes of the part in the foreign policy of India. India has announced with the United States to expand its strategic depth in Afghanistan in order to suppress the terrorist groups. India’s preparations in Afghanistan’s financial resources included the transfer of the country’s military base to US forces, which, against India’s foreign policy, was in the last fifty years that no foreign power did not use their soil. Undoubtedly, India has benefits in Afghanistan. The foundation of Indian interests in Afghanistan can said:
- Prevent the spread of terrorist activities.
- Using Afghanistan as a tool for access to Central Asia.
- Limit the role of Pakistan as a rival in South Asian relations, Central Asia and Afghanistan.
- Expand the strategic depth in the area.
- Strengthen the south Asian security system by entering Afghanistan to this area (Shafaiee et al, 2014:161).
Finally, India needs Afghanistan’s cooperation to achieve its strategic goals and depth. Including Afghanistan in the security relations of South Asia will not only strengthen the India –centric security system in this region; it also causes the expansion of India’s influence in Afghanistan’s internal interactions. However, India is doing vascular efforts to provide direct delivery of Delhi in Central Asia; These Indian attempts will raise its rival anger (Pakistan). Along with this, over time, Pakistan’s obstacles have also accompanied the importance of Afghanistan in Indian foreign policy.
Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of South Asia Strategic Research Center (GASAM)